In response to raised awareness of the importance of integrating social science with long standing biological monitoring programmes, and with the support of Coral Reef Degradation in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO), a long-term socioeconomic monitoring programme was implemented around the village of Andavadoaka, southwest Madagascar. The programme has been developed using the Socioeconomic Monitoring Guidelines for Coastal Managers of the Western Indian Ocean (SocMon WIO), in conjunction with the development of a Marine Protected Area (MPA) that incorporates representative areas of all local marine habitats.
SocMon surveying of three villages, Andavadoaka, Lamboara and Ampasilava, to be included in the 800km2 ‘Velondriake’ marine protected area, took place between April and July 2006. This report presents the community attitudes and perceptions towards the local marine resources. The results of this study will be used to tailor marine conservation initiatives in the area to the individual needs of villages along the coast.
The results highlight significant differences in the level of environmental awareness between the three villages with the largest village, Andavadoaka generally showing a greater understanding of marine conservation issues. However, knowledge gaps for all three villages are documented, underlining the need for further training and capacity building workshops to raise awareness in all three communities.